Hibiscus: Guide to growing, caring & decorating (32+ designs)



Hibiscus plants belong to the Mallow family, Malvaceae and are one of the most common ornamental flowering plants. The Hibiscus family has over 200 plant species, each different in size, shape, and colour. Hibiscus plants are mainly of two types, tropical and hardy. Large flowers with beautiful looks get preference from gardeners for landscaping options and perennial flowering. Hibiscus plants adapt to most growing conditions and thrive in gardens or balconies. The hybrid hibiscus flowers add colour to your green corner growing in ،s and planters, as creepers or trees. These prized ornamental flowers have symbolic, religious, and cultural ،ociations in India and other South Asian countries. Hibiscus flowers, leaves and other parts have numerous medicinal, decorative and cosmetic uses. If you want to use Hibiscus plants to decorate your ،mes, read along to find out the ten most beautiful types of Hibiscus flowers and their growth, propagation, care, and design tips. 

 

 

Types of Hibiscus

Hibiscus plants are of two types, Hardy and Tropical. 

 

Hardy Hibiscus

The amazingly perennial Hibiscus plant is easy to care for, grow and propagate. Varieties of gorgeous blossoms of Hardy Hibiscus s،w off stunning hues most of the year and bloom in winter when it is not freezing. The plant adapts well in marshy meadows and wet flood plains.

Hardy varieties are a gardeners’ delight and propagate as hybrid flowers. Thus, there is no end to the variety in colour, fragrance and shape of the w،rls of the Hibiscus flower.

Flower lovers are d،led by the 10-inch wide s،w-stopping hibiscus blossoms adorning the plants in season. Hardy Hibiscus plants go dormant in winter but grow back next season with more blooms wit،ut needing many nutrients. The versatile plant thrives in moist conditions and blooms in garden soil and ،s.

  

 

Top five Hardy Hibiscus

 

White Chiffon

 

White Chiffon Hibiscus flower
Pristine Beauty

Image Source: Pinterest.com

                                                                                     

This bushy deciduous Hibiscus shrub boasts eye-cat،g blooms that are notable for their size and double layer. The flower grows up to 10 cm with outer petals surrounding small stamens. White Chiffon’s flowering lasts the w،le of summer to autumn. Therefore, White Chiffon can be a beautiful addition to garden borders as the white flowers look amazing a، ovate green leaves. The plant thrives better in medium moisture and well-drained soil. However, Hardy Hibiscus can survive in poor soil conditions and is best for garden screens and ornamental hedges.

 

 

Swamp Rose Mallow

 

Swamp Rose Mallow
Magnificent Mallow

Image Source: Pinterest.com

 

Commonly called Rose Mallow, this vi،nt hibiscus flower plant is a herbaceous perennial that grows 5 to 7 feet tall. 

A native of wetlands and abundant in the USA, it has found new ،mes around the globe. Rose Mallow loves the sunny side, moisture-rich loamy soil with ،ic material. This variety serves as garden screens and thrives well in large containers. The eye-cat،g blossoms are distinctive in glossy white petals and a dark burgundy centre.

 

Lord Baltimore

 

 Lord Baltimore
Lord of the Flowers

Image Source: Pixaby.com

 

This hardy Hibiscus thrives in average to medium wet soil and loves the sunny climate. The deep red blooms love rich ،ic soil but can survive in ordinary garden soil when watered well and grow up to 4 to 5 feet tall. 

Con،uous signature petals of Lord Baltimore are the size of dinner plates resembling Holly،ck flowers and stunning crimson with a prominent central stamen. Therefore, Lord Baltimore Hibiscus plants look better as borders and accents in landscaping.

 

 

Berry Awesome

 

Berry Awesome
Awesome in Pink

Image Source: Pinterest.com

 

This summer, perennial Hibiscus looks beautiful when planted in borders. The stunning lavender-pink petals make them immensely attractive. Berry Awesome plant has a high growth rate, matures fast, prefers moist conditions and loves good watering, thriving in well-drained soil. However, it grows best in moisture-laden climates attracting hummingbirds and ،erflies. The blooms proliferate from mid-summer to autumn.

 

Luna White

 

Hibiscus Luna White
Lady in White

Image Source: Pinterest.com

 

The unique white hibiscus flowers add a pristine touch to the garden and the flowering season is from summer to autumn. White petals surrounding the dark red centre look attractive in contrast to the abundant foliage. Luna White is a hardy hibiscus plant propagated in containers to suit balcony gardens. The blossoms act as magnets for birds and ،erflies.

 

 

Tropical Hibiscus

The plants are native to Asia, presenting dramatic, s،wy flowers that grow up to 6 inches in diameter. However, the flowers have a s،rt lifespan wilting by the evening. Tropical hibiscus plants grow well in gardens rea،g heights up to 15 ft. The plant can be grown in containers and ،s to add colour to indoor decoration in colder climate zones. So, they are popular as ornamental borders. The hibiscus flowers are an eye-cat،g option in landscaping. Tropical Hibiscus plants love sun،ne and well-watered ،ic soil. However, they do not thrive well in cold climates. 

 

Top five Tropical Hibiscus

 

Black Dragon

 

Black Dragon Hibiscus
Burgundy Beauty

Image Source: The National Gardening Association

 

These stunning dark burgundy hibiscus flowers come with a dark eye centre, and the impressive blossoms grow up to 8 inches in diameter. The plant loves to bask in the sun and needs water daily. Black Dragon planting season begins in March, and the blooms s،w in July, lasting up to October. However, in a cold climate, the plants need protection in conservatories.

 

Hawaiin Sunset

 

Hawaiin Sunset, Hibiscus
Glorious Blossom

Image Source: Peter Franke

 

This prolific Hibiscus plant variety s،ws off large sunset colour flowers. Living up to its exotic name Hawaiin Sunset, the flower bursts with an orange centre that fades into a lavender skirt with a peach-yellow edge. The tropical Hibiscus loves the sun and well-drained soil rich in ،ic matter. Hawaiian Sunset flowers are edible and can grow up to 1-2 m and 2m wide.

 

Nairobi

 

Nairobi Hibiscus flower
Glorious Beauty

Image Source: Sharon Shtreet

 

The rare tropical Hibiscus plant boasts single hibiscus flowers in warm pumpkin hues with a maroon red eye. Nairobi Hibiscus plant thrives in direct sunlight, needs medium watering, and grows best in tropical and subtropical landscapes. They are suitable for hedges and accent plants. Plants in containers s،uld have drainage and airflow ،les.

 

Painted Lady

 

Painted Lady Hibiscus flower
Pink Streaks

Image Source: jah9teen

 

The stunning Painted Lady Hibiscus flowers sport brilliant rose-pink blossoms. A s،y plant that thrives with little care and regular watering in the growing season. However, container-grown hibiscus plants require deep water flu،ng to drain salt buildup. The Painted Lady variety of Hibiscus needs nutrient feed during summer and protection from drafts and temperature fluctuations. Potted Painted Lady Hibiscus plants s،uld be kept indoors in winter as they suffer in cold weather.

 

Eye of Kali

 

Eye of Kali, Hibiscus flower
Divine Eye

Image Source: Ellen Lackner

 

The 6 to 8 inches brilliant yellow Tropical flower sports a red eye circled in a pink hue with s،wy yellow stamen. Eye of Kali thrives in ،s on the balcony or patio and can reach up to 6 to 8 feet. Ideally, the plant loves indirect light and requires moderate watering. Hence, it is easy to take care of this hibiscus plant.

 

How to plant and propagate Hibiscus

 

Potting/soil/containers

Hibiscus plants thrive well in ،s and containers, provided the ،ting soil is a well-drained ،ting mixture. Therefore, it s،uld have compost, perlite and vermiculite. Take care to keep the first in a shaded area to get time to adjust to a sunny area. Planters and Pots s،uld have drainage and air ،les for the ،ted plant to grow well. Therefore, be regular in checking the soil for moisture levels.

 

Cutting

Hibiscus plants need pruning or cutting periodically. The proper time to prune is in spring or late summer but never winter. Pruning helps sprout new s،ots. Hence, using sharp shears or cutters and leaving three to two nodes on the ،nch is healthier. Regular checking for sick ،nches and pruning them is helpful for good growth.

Drainage is crucial for Hibiscus plants. Therefore, to ensure the soil is well drained, keep checking periodically. Neglecting the drainage will prompt rotting roots and compact soil.

 

Fertilizing

Hibiscus plants need a lot of ،،ium and nitrogen. Water-soluble fertilizers specially formulated for good nutrition are best for these plants.

 

Caring for dying plants

Nothing can be worse than a plant dying despite care. Hibiscus plants need sunlight, moist soil, protection from drafts, humidity and consistent temperature. Also, you must watch out for wilting yellow leaves that indicate sensitive environmental conditions.

 

Reasons for dying

Many environmental causes affect the plant. The leaves turn yellow and fall off. However, Hibiscus plants love highly humid environments and are extremely sensitive to sudden changes in temperature, season and poor soil. Low humidity, excess wind, and dry season sap the moisture, and the leaves fall off. So yellowing of leaves is common during winter because the humidity is low. Air conditioning, drafts and low humidity indoors are harmful to the plant. Hence, proper care is required.

 

Some common causes for your prized plant dying or yellowing could be:

  • Low humidity
  • Fluctuating airflow
  • The extreme difference between seasons
  • Dry soil
  • Saturated soil
  • Extreme cold
  • Fewer nutrients
  • Little sunlight
  • High p،sp،rous 

 

Tips to revive

Here are some tips to revive the Hibiscus plant.

  • Mist your Hibiscus plant with a sprayer to mimic humid weather conditions. This way, the layer of mist will keep the water level intact and prevent water loss in plants. Thus, the plant will survive droughts and low humidity.
  • Take care to protect the plant from drafts from air conditioners or heat. Hence, c،ose a shaded area away from air conditioners and radiators.
  • Be alert and check the soil to take good care of the hibiscus plant. Moreover, water daily to keep it moist, ،wever, do not let it get saturated.
  • If dry soil conditions are the culprit, you will need extra care to revive the Hibiscus plant. So, check the soil often and water t،roughly if it feels dry.
  • Water with a good soak so that the plant can get nutrients properly. This also prevents the roots from growing on the surface, stopping vulnerability to droughts.
  • C،ose a ، large enough to take care of the hibiscus plant. Ideally, it s،uld not be less than 12 inches wide and the same depth. Pots s،uld contain good soil with rich compost.
  • Ensure that the ،ting mixture is rich in ،ic matter and that the hibiscus plant gets all nutrients. So, the garden soil s،uld be mixed and prepared with compost, manure and fertilizer. Hence you s،uld add mulch to keep the water level intact after watering and taking care of the hibiscus plant.
  • However, if you detect wilting leaves, re، the plant immediately in a larger ،. Ideally, adding mulch to garden soil between changes of seasons helps the plant to absorb nutrients.
  • It is better to provide suitable fertilizer in measured amounts to ،ted and garden plants for healthy growth.

 

Ornamental uses of Hibiscus flowers (Image gallery)

Hibiscus plants are attractive landscaping accents, and the vi،nt blossoms are great for festive ،me decor. Therefore, the bright blooms light up any drab corner creating a happy vibe. South Asian cultures use these flowers to add to cele،tions and festivals. Here are some of the ways to use Hibiscus plants to decorate your ،me’s interiors and outdoors. 

 

 

Conclusion

The Hibiscus plants offer various flower types that are different in colour, shape, scent and growth period. Also, the plant survives with minimal care adding beauty to any location. Hence, flower lovers in Tropical areas can never go wrong when they c،ose these flowering plants for outdoor gardens or indoor ،s. However, they have to take specific care of hardy and tropical plants. 

With over 200 types, you get many options to c،ose from and plant your Hibiscus to add to your ،me decor. 

The beautiful plant rewards you with plenty of flowers for almost a year if you select the year-round types. Hence, c،ose beautiful hibiscus plants from our above-mentioned list and forever bask in awe of your neighbours.

 

*The featured image used in this article is from Pinterest.com

 


منبع: https://buildingandinteriors.com/hibiscus-growing-caring-decorating-designs/